I. Isaiah, The Man:
A. He was from the Southern Kingdom of Judah
B. His activity was centered in Jerusalem
D. His ministry was during the period of Assyrian dominance
E. Primarily concerned with the failure of the nation, and especially its leaders, to be faithful to God.
F. Known as the prophet of trust in God
II. Isaiah, The Book:
A. The book is from three basic time periods, although sections are not divided strictly chronologically
B. 1-39, Isaiah, 740-700 BC
1. Calls for obedience and trust in God
2. Justice for the poor and oppressed
3. Warnings against foreign alliances
4. Anticipating God's righteous king
C. 40-55, exilic period, 575-530 BC
1. Forgiveness for the nation's sins
2. Restoration of the nation
3. God as Creator/new things
4. Servant of the Lord
D. 56-66, post-exilic, 530-500 BC
1. Warnings to the restored community
2. Calls to renewed commitment
3. Anticipation of final deliverance
III. Key Passages In Isaiah
A. 1:10-20 Though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be white as snow.
B. 7 A young woman is with child...and shall call his name Immanuel.
C. 9 The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light...shall call his name...prince of peace.
D. 11 There shall come forth a shoot from the root of Jesse...the wolf shall dwell with the lamb.
E. 30:15-18 In quietness and trust shall be your strength...blessed are those who wait for Him.
F. 40 Comfort, Comfort my people! ...They who wait for the Lord shall renew their strength.
G. 43 I have called you by name, you are mine...Behold I am doing a new thing...rivers in the desert.
H. 52:13-53:12 He was wounded for our transgressions...All we like sheep have gone astray.
I. 60 Arise, shine, for your light has come.